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Longitudinal Study: LSAC
Title: The effect of adverse and positive experiences on inflammatory markers in Australian and UK children
Authors: Priest, Naomi 
Guo, Shuaijun
Gondek, Dawid
Lacey, Rebecca
Burgner, David 
Downes, Marnie
Slopen, Natalie
Goldfeld, Sharon 
Moreno-Betancur, Margarita
Kerr, Jessica A 
Cahill, Stephanie
Wake, Melissa 
Juonala, Markus 
Lycett, Kate 
O'Connor, Meredith 
Publication Date: Dec-2022
Pages: 100550
Keywords: Adversity
Positive experiences
Abstract: Background The relationship between childhood adversity and inflammation is well-established. Examination of positive experiences can provide a more complete understanding of intervention opportunities. We investigated associations of adverse and positive experiences, and their intersection, with inflammation in children and adolescents. Methods Data sources: Longitudinal Study of Australian Children (LSAC; N = 1237) and Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC; N = 3488). Exposures: Adverse and positive experiences assessed repeatedly (LSAC: 0–11 years; ALSPAC: 0–15 years). Outcomes: Inflammation quantified by high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) and glycoprotein acetyls (GlycA) (LSAC: 11–12 years; ALSPAC: 15.5 years). Analyses: Linear regression on the log-transformed outcomes estimated the relative difference in inflammatory markers with adverse/positive experiences, adjusting for socio-demographics and concurrent positive/adverse experiences, respectively. Results Most associations were in the expected direction but differed in magnitude by exposure, outcome and cohort. Across both cohorts, adverse experiences were associated with up to 7.3% higher hsCRP (95% CI: −18.6%, 33.2%) and up to 2.0% higher GlycA (95% CI: 0.5%, 3.5%); while positive experiences were associated with up to 22.1% lower hsCRP (95% CI: −49.0%, 4.7%) and 1.3% lower GlycA (95% CI: −2.7%, 0.2%). In LSAC, the beneficial effect of positive experiences on inflammation was more pronounced among those with fewer concurrent adverse experiences. Conclusion Across two cohorts, we found small but directionally consistent associations between adverse experiences and higher inflammation, and positive experiences and lower inflammation, particularly for GlycA. Future research should give further consideration to positive experiences to complement the current focus on adversity and inform the design and evaluation of early life interventions.
Research collection: Journal Articles
Appears in Collections:Journal Articles

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