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Longitudinal Study: LSAC
Title: Cross-sectional sleep thresholds for optimal health and well-being in Australian 4-9-year-olds
Authors: Quach, Jon 
Bittman, Michael 
Hiscock, Harriet 
Wake, Melissa 
Price, Anna M H 
Publication Date: 1-Jun-2016
Pages: 83-90
Keywords: Sleep
Reference values
Epidemiological studies
Time diary
Abstract: AIM: Using national Australian time-diary data, we aimed to empirically determine sleep duration thresholds beyond which children have poorer health, learning, quality of life, and weight status and parents have poorer mental health. METHODS: DESIGN/SETTING: Cross-sectional data from the first three waves of the Longitudinal Study of Australian Children. PARTICIPANTS: A nationally representative sample of 4983 4-5-year-olds, recruited in 2004 from the Australian Medicare database and followed biennially; 3631 had analyzable sleep information and a concurrent measure of health and well-being for at least one wave. MAIN MEASURES: EXPOSURE: At each wave, a parent completed 24-h time-use diaries for one randomly selected weekday and one weekend day, including a "sleeping/napping" category. OUTCOMES: Parent-reported child mental health, health-related quality of life, and maternal/paternal mental health; teacher-reported child language, literacy, mathematical thinking, and approach to learning; and assessed child body mass index and girth. RESULTS: Linear regression analyses revealed weak, inconsistent relationships between sleep duration and outcomes at every wave. For example, children with versus without psychosocial health-related quality of life problems slept slightly less at 6-7 years (adjusted mean difference 0.12 h; 95% confidence interval 0.01-0.22, p = 0.03), but not at 4-5 (0.00; -0.10 to 0.11, p = 1.0) or 8-9 years (0.09; -0.02 to 0.22, p = 0.1). Empirical exploration using fractional polynomials demonstrated no clear thresholds for sleep duration and any adverse outcome at any wave. CONCLUSIONS: Present guidelines in terms of children's short sleep duration appear misguided. Other parameters such as sleep timing may be more meaningful for understanding optimal child sleep.
DOI: 10.1016/j.sleep.2015.08.013
Research collection: Journal Articles
Appears in Collections:Journal Articles

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