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Longitudinal Study: HILDA
Title: Self-Control and Unhealthy Body Weight: The Role of Impulsivity and Restraint
Authors: Cobb-Clark, Deborah A 
Dahmann, Sarah C
Kamhofer, Daniel
Schildberg-Horisch, Hannah
Publication Date: Jan-2022
Keywords: Brief Self-Control Scale
Body Mass Index
Abstract: We examine the relationship between trait self-control and body weight. Data from a population representative household survey reveal that limited self-control is strongly associated with both objective and subjective measures of unhealthy body weight. Those with limited self-control are characterized by reduced exercising, repeated dieting, unhealthier eating habits, and poorer nutrition. We propose an empirical method to isolate two facets of self-control limitations-high impulsivity and low restraint. Each has differential predictive power. Physical activity, dieting, and overall body weight are more strongly associated with restraint; impulsivity is more predictive of when, where, and what people eat.
DOI: 10.2139/ssrn.4010275
ISBN: ISSN 2190-9938 (online) / ISBN 978-3-86304-375-9
Research collection: Reports and technical papers
Appears in Collections:Technical Papers

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