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Longitudinal Study: LSIC
Title: Childcare Use and Its Role in Indigenous Child Development: Evidence from the Longitudinal Study of Indigenous Children in Australia
Authors: Azpitarte, Francisco 
Perales, F 
Zubrick, Stephen 
Kalb, Guyonne 
Chigavazira, Abraham 
Farrant, Brad M 
Institution: Melbourne Institute: Applied Economic & Social Research
Publication Date: Dec-2016
Keywords: Childcare
child development
Indigenous population
LSIC data
Abstract: We investigate patterns of childcare use and its influence on the cognitive development of Indigenous children. The influence of childcare on Indigenous children’s cognitive outcomes is less well understood than for non-Indigenous children due to a lack of appropriate data. We focus on a cohort of Indigenous children in Australia who have been followed from infancy and for whom rich information on childcare use and cognitive outcomes are observed. Compared to Indigenous children who never participated in childcare, Indigenous children who participated in childcare performed better on several early cognitive outcomes. Using regression and propensity score matching, we show that this difference is driven by selection into childcare, with children from more advantaged families more likely to attend formal childcare. However, matching analysis results suggest that relatively disadvantaged children might benefit more from attending childcare, as indicated by the positive estimated effects found for those who never attended childcare.
ISBN: ISSN 1447-5863 (Online) ISBN 978-0-73-405233-9
Keywords: Culture -- Disadvantage; Child Development; Children -- Indigenous; Child Development -- Cognitive; Child Care
Research collection: Reports and technical papers
Appears in Collections:Reports

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