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Longitudinal Study: LSAC
Title: Three-Generation Education Patterns among Grandparents, Parents and Grandchildren: Evidence of Grandparent Effects from Australia
Authors: Povey, J 
Mitrou, F 
Zubrick, S 
Hancock, K 
Zubrick, S. R 
Campbell, A 
Institution: ARC Life Course Centre
Publication Date: May-2016
Pages: 41
Keywords: intergenerational mobility
educational attainment
multiple generations
human capital
Abstract: The ways in which parents invest their human capital resources in the development of their children is well established, however the transfers of resources across multiple generations is less understood, particularly in Australia. Drawing upon information from the Longitudinal Study of Australian Children about the educational attainment of maternal and paternal grandmothers and grandfathers, mothers and fathers, we find that the likelihood of mothers and fathers completing Year 12 or a university qualification is higher among those whose own parents had higher educational attainment. Among families where grandparents had lower educational attainment, both mothers and fathers had a greater likelihood of completing Year 12 or a university qualification if grandparents—particularly grandfathers—showed interest in their education while parents were growing up. Controlling for parent educational attainment, grandchildren had higher numeracy scores if their paternal grandfather was university qualified and higher reading scores if maternal or paternal grandmothers were university qualified. We also find that achievement scores were substantially higher among children in families with concentrations of educational advantage. These results suggest that the concentration of human capital in families contributes to educational inequalities across multiple generations.
Keywords: Intergenerational Transfer -- Education; Human Capital -- Education
Research collection: Reports and technical papers
Appears in Collections:Reports

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