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Longitudinal Study: LSAC
Title: Socioeconomic disadvantage and onset of childhood chronic disabling conditions: a cohort study
Authors: Spencer, Nick 
Strazdins, Lyndall 
Publication Date: 19-Sep-2014
Pages: 317-322
Keywords: cohort study
Socioeconomic disadvantage
childhood chronic disabling conditions
Abstract: Objective To study the temporal relationship between socioeconomic disadvantage and onset of chronic disabling conditions in childhood. Method Using parent reported data from the Longitudinal Study of Australian Children, we compared children who developed a chronic disabling condition between the ages of 6/7 and 10/11 years with children without a chronic disabling condition at either age. Logistic regression models assessed association between onset of chronic disabling condition and household income quintiles at 6/7 years, adjusting for confounders. To study the consequences of chronic disabling condition onset for family finances, a linear regression model was fitted on change in household income adjusted for income at 6/7. We compared prevalence of family material hardship in the two groups between 6/7 and 10/11. Results Of 4010 children present in both waves, complete data were available for 3629 of whom 233 (6.4%) developed a chronic disabling condition between 6/7 and 10/11. After adjustment for confounding, the children from the lowest income quintile were more than twice as likely to develop a chronic disabling condition as those from the highest income quintile. Onset of a chronic disabling condition was associated with a relatively smaller increase in household income over time, but no change in hardship prevalence. Conclusions Family socioeconomic disadvantage when children are aged 6/7 is associated with their development of a chronic disabling condition over the next 4 years and with adverse effects on household income.
DOI: 10.1136/archdischild-2013-305634
Keywords: Children -- Disabled; Income & Finance; Child Development; Disadvantage -- Socio-economic index for areas
Research collection: Journal Articles
Appears in Collections:Journal Articles

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