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Longitudinal Study: HILDA
Title: Prevalence of Transition Pathways in Australia
Authors: Boulton, C 
Fry, J 
Institution: Productivity Commission
Publication Date: Aug-2013
Publisher: Media and Publications - Productivity Commission
Pages: 144
Keywords: Optimal matching and cluster analysis
Education and labour market transitions
HILDA calendar
Abstract: This paper uses longitudinal information from the calendar in the Household, Income and Labour Dynamics in Australia (HILDA) Survey to track monthly education and labour market activities from 2000 to 2010 for about 6500 working age individuals. The techniques of optimal matching and cluster analysis (OMCA) are used to identify and group individuals with similar patterns of activities into ‘pathways’. Seventeen pathways are identified. Although each pathway contains some variation between the sequences of activities, distinct patterns can be observed. For youths aged 15–24 in 2001, five pathways are identified: three associated with increasing education levels and transitions to work; one associated with churning in and out of work; and one dominated by young women withdrawing from the labour force to raise children. Activity sequences for young adults aged 25–39 are grouped into four pathways: two involving work (one with increasing education); and two involving prolonged periods outside the labour force associated with raising children (with one pathway showing subsequent return to work). Mature adults aged 40–54 in 2001 follow one of four pathways: one dominated by work; two dominated by women spending time outside the labour force raising children (with one return to work pathway); and one pathway associated with early retirement. For seniors aged 55–64, four pathways are identified: one dominated by work; and three associated with retirement or transitions to retirement. The analysis in this paper can be a valuable input to identifying relationships between pathways and outcomes, and the individual characteristics that are associated with specific pathways. That analysis could then inform strategies to reduce the risk of unsuccessful labour market outcomes, such as prolonged unemployment.
ISBN: 978-1-74037-446-0
Keywords: Employment -- Parental leave; Ageing -- Intentions; Ageing -- Retirement; Education and Training; Employment -- Labour mobility
Research collection: Reports and technical papers
Appears in Collections:Reports

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