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Longitudinal Study: HILDA
Title: The contribution of increases in family benefits to Australia’s early 21st-century fertility increase: An empirical analysis
Authors: Parr, N 
Guest, R 
Publication Date: 19-Jul-2011
Pages: 215-244
Keywords: family allowance
family policy
economic conditions
maternal age
maternity benefits
family benefits
family size
pronatalist policy
Abstract: Between 2001 and 2008 Australia’s total fertility increased from 1.73 to 1.96. This period also saw changes to family benefits, most notably the introduction of a universal, flat-rate at birth payment and an increased subsidisation of child care. This paper analyses individual-level fertility, using data from a large-scale longitudinal survey and focusing on the effects of changes to family benefits, macroeconomic variables, entitlements to family-friendly working conditions, and socioeconomic and demographic characteristics. It finds the effects of the ‘Baby Bonus’ and the Child Care Rebate are slight. The effects of education, income, occupation, marital status, age and parity are significant.
Keywords: Families -- Fertility; Benefits and Payments -- Family payments; Families; Benefits and Payments; Policy
Research collection: Journal Articles
Appears in Collections:Journal Articles

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