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Longitudinal Study: LSAC
Title: Family-Level Predictors of Australian Children's Dental Caries and Injuries
Authors: Stormon, Nicole
Ford, Pauline J
Lalloo, Ratilal
Publication Date: 15-Jan-2020
Pages: 28-39
Journal: Pediatric dentistry
Keywords: dental caries
dental injury
Abstract: Purpose: Fisher-Owens et al. described the diverse family-level factors influencing children's oral health, but few studies have investigated these relationships using longitudinal data. This study investigated the association between family and child oral health using the Longitudinal Study of Australian Children (LSAC), a cross-sequential dual cohort study. Methods: A total of 10,090 children were recruited at baseline, and seven waves of data are available. Children's parents or guardians reported experiences of dental caries and injury. Data were used to model family-level predictors with generalized estimating equations. Results: In the final model, predictors of dental caries over time were younger mothers (odds ratio [OR] equals 1.37, 95 percent confidence interval [95% CI] equals 1.01 to 1.87) and lower parental education (OR equals 1.24, 95% CI equals 1.10 to 1.39). Other significant factors were poor parental health, parents smoking, English as the main language, and Indigenous parents. Parents with consistent parenting styles protected against caries. Predictors of dental injury included socioeconomic status and parental age. Conclusions: This study highlighted a number of significant family-level constructs that predict dental caries and injury. Understanding the influence of family provides evidence to warrant investigation into tailored interventions targeting young mothers, common health risk factors, and parenting styles.
Research collection: Journal Articles
Appears in Collections:Journal Articles

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