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Longitudinal Study: HILDA
Title: Stability of lone mothers’ employment:
Authors: Renda, J 
Baxter, Jennifer 
Publication Date: 23-Apr-2012
Keywords: Workforce
Loned & coupled mothers
Welfare dependacies
Abstract: While more mothers have been participating in the paid workforce over recent years, the employment rate of lone mothers remains lower than that of couple mothers. Increasing employment rates of lone mothers is a goal for policy makers as participation in paid work is seen as central to reducing poverty and welfare dependence within lone parent families. However, if the work that lone mothers’ undertake is unstable they may continue to be at risk of poverty and welfare dependence. In order to examine whether or not lone mothers are more likely than couple mothers to experience unstable employment, calendar data from all seven waves of the HILDA survey are used to identify and compare the rate at which lone and couple mothers move into and out of employment. The calendar divides each month into thirds, and captures employment status in each of these time periods, so short periods of employment and non–employment can be measured. These data show that in any period lone mothers are less likely to be employed than couple mothers. Of those employed in a period, lone mothers are more likely to transition out of employment than couple mothers but not employed lone and couple mothers are no different in their likelihood of transition into employment. The analyses also consider whether factors other than lone parenthood differentiate mothers in their employment transition rates. These analyses show that educational attainment, work history and age of youngest child may influence, in part, the different employment transition rates of lone and couple mothers.
Conference: 2009 HILDA Conference
Conference location: Melbourne
Keywords: Income & Finance -- Welfare dependence; Families -- Lone parents; Income & Finance -- Poverty and disadvantage; Employment -- Entry to employment; Employment -- Labour force status and attachment
Research collection: Conference Papers
Appears in Collections:Conference Papers

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