Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Longitudinal Study: LSAC
Title: The Cumulative Impact of Health Adversities on Children's Later Academic Achievement.
Authors: Nguyen, Cattram 
Wake, M 
Quach, J 
Wake, Melissa 
O'Connor, Meredith 
Quach, Jon 
Publication Date: 12-Mar-2017
Keywords: children
Abstract: OBJECTIVE: We aimed to determine whether the accumulation of physical, psychosocial and combined health adversities measured at age 8-9 years predicts worsening of academic scores cross-sectionally at 8-9 and longitudinally at 10-11 years. METHODS: Design: Longitudinal data from Waves 3 and 4 in the Longitudinal Study of Australian Children (83% of 4983 retained). Exposures (8-9 years): Physical health adversities (yes/no; summed range 0-5): overweight, special health care needs, chronic illness, PedsQL Physical, global health. Psychosocial health adversities (yes/no; summed range 0-4): parent- and teacher-reported behavior, PedsQL Psychosocial, sleep problems. Combined health adversities (range 0-9). Outcomes (8-9, 10-11 years): National academic standardized test scores. ANALYSIS: Generalized estimating equations, accounting for multiple academic domains in each year and socioeconomic position and cognition. RESULTS: At 8-9 years, 23.9%, 9.9% and 5.3% had 1, 2 or ≥3 physical health adversities, respectively, while 27.2%, 9.5% and 4.9% had 1, 2 or ≥3 psychosocial health adversities, respectively. For each additional health adversity at 8-9 years, academic scores fell incrementally in Year 3 and Year 5 (both p<0.001), with reductions of at least 0.4 standard deviations for ≥3 health adversities. Number was more important than type (physical, psychosocial) of adversity. CONCLUSION: The accumulation of health adversities predicts poorer academic achievement up to 2 years later. Interventions may need to address multiple domains to improve child academic outcomes and delivered across the health-education interface.
Keywords: Health -- Mental; Children -- School age; Health -- Physical
Research collection: Journal Articles
Appears in Collections:Journal Articles

Show full item record

Page view(s)

checked on Dec 6, 2022
Google icon

Google ScholarTM


Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.